AnteralAcademy its here! In this new chapter we go to talk about rockets for make a tribute to the ending of #WorldSpaceWeek2023. We want to trasmite more information about this technology, a piece of the history it has and so we show you a part of what Anteral contributes to this sector.
WHAT IS A ROCKET?
Rockets are vehicles designed to travel outside of Earth’s atmosphere and into space. They can transport rovers, satellites, supplies, astronauts and more. The Payload is that the rocket carries into space.
They do not have air intakes and bring their own oxidants, substances that play the role of oxygen in burning fuel.
Thanks to this technology we have one of the most mythical phrases in the history: “One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” Neil Armstrong, 1969, Apolo 11.
HISTORY OF ROCKETS
In the 17th century, scientists began studying rockets. Isaac Newton was one of them, and he tried to explain how they worked with his famous laws of motion. Entering the 20th century, another scientist who carried out similar experiments was the American Robert Goddard, known as “the father of modern rockets.“
Before all this, rockets were produced and developed to be ballistic missiles. The first rocket to officially reach space was the V-2, produced in Germany in 1944. But after World War II, V-2 production fell into the hands of the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom.
Over the next few decades, what began as a nuclear arms race became a space race. Some important dates:
– Sputnik Mission: launched a Soviet satellite on October 4,1957.
– Jupiter-C rocket (USA): transports its Explorer 1 satellite into space on February 01, 1958.
– Vostok-K rocket: Yuri Gagarin became the first human being to go into space, on April 12, 1961.
– Saturn V rocket: NASA reached the Moon. It had six lunar landing missions between 1969 and 1972.
– Apollo11 Mission: Neil Armstrong stepped on the Moon on July 21, 1969